Arthritis Perhaps the most common offender of all!
Arthritis occurs when your joints swell up. The primary symptoms are joint pain, redness, swelling, stiffness and decreased range of motion. Arthritis pain usually exacerbate with age.
Two types of arthritis are osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis. Severe arthritis can interfere with your daily activities and even make simple tasks such as sitting up straight or walking prove difficult. Treatment varies with the type of arthritis.
Coccydynia (Tailbone Pain) Coccydynia is tailbone pain which is persistent and usually aggravates when sitting or with any activity that puts further pressure on the bottom of the spine. It comes from the medical word coccyx which refers to the tailbone located at the bottom of the spine.
This type of pain is more common in women than men as it is often caused by trauma to the tailbone resulting from childbirth or falling on back. Infection should not be ruled out for being responsible for pain in the coccyx.
Herniated Disc Each disc has a ring like structure which is called the annulus with a jelly-like substance in the disc.
Herniated Disc or slipped disc (also known as bulged disc or ruptured disc) occurs when a fragment of the disc’s nucleus is pushed out of the annulus into the spinal canal and thus causing a tear in the annulus.
Risks of disc degeneration are great when they are herniated.
Lumbago This is a very common back pain which affects the lower portion of the spine. Several factors may be responsible for this pain, but the chief reason could be putting excessive strain on the lower back and sudden lifting of a heavy object.
Excessive bending or other repetitive motions that involves the lower back may also play a part.
Osteoporosis The word osteoporosis means porous bone. It is a disease in which the density of the bones are reduced. When the ones become porous and fragile, the chances of fracture increases and degeneration of bone starts to take place. Many times there are no discerning symptoms at first.
Ruptured Disc If the spinal column tears open resulting in disc’s protrusion it may cause pinching sensation on the nerves of the spine, or also known as “pinched nerve”. Also known as herniated, or slipped disc, this occurs when the soft jelly-like center of the spinal disc pushes through the crack in the disc casing.
Severe low back pain and sharp sensation down the back of the legs such as sciatica may be a result of a ruptured disc.
Whiplash This type of neck injury occurs when the head jerks or experiences a sudden movement back and forth during a car accident.
Although not necessarily a form of back pain, the injuries may radiate from neck down to lower back.
Injuries may start mildly and slowly become severe.
Treatment can involve pain relievers and ice and your doctor may recommend physical therapy.
Consult your physician if you suspect this type of injury if you were involved in an automobile collision.